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Chris's Ancestors - Hand family

HAND FAMILY


Generation 1 Pop-up window showing the Hand family tree

Parents unknown yet

James Hand (~1800 - )
[husband of Mary (~1793 - 1866)]

Generation 2 Pop-up window showing the Hand family tree

Children of James Hand and Mary

Bernard Hand (1835 - 1898)

Generation 3 Pop-up window showing the Hand family tree

Children of Bernard Hand and Margaret Street

John Hand (1857 - )
Mary Ellen Hand (1859 - )
[Baptised Our Lady of Reconciliation de la Salette, Liverpool on 22nd May 1859]
James Hand (1862 - )

Generation 4 Pop-up window showing the Hand family tree

Children of John Hand and Martha Catterall

Margaret Hand (1883 - )
[second wife of Walter Cave (1877 - 1851)]
Martha Hand (1884 - )
Mary E Hand (1888 - )
Esther Hand (1893 - )
John Hand (1899 - )
James Hand (1906 - 1993)


Generation 5 Pop-up window showing the Cave family tree

Children of Margaret Hand
before marriage...

George Hand (1905 - 1991)

...and with Walter Cave

John Cave (1921 - 1993) husband of Constance Nelson (1928 - 2011)
Margaret Cave (1926 - 1928)




Further details of Chris's direct Hand ancestors


The following sections contain details transcribed from documents such as census, birth, marriage and death certificates, parish records, newspapers, etc.

Unless otherwise stated, we have transcribed directly from the original document or from a scanned or photographic image of the original document.



James Hand and Mary Hand Pop-up window showing the Hand family tree

We know little of the life of James and Mary Hand.
They were born in Ireland at the end of the 18th century. The 1851 census suggests that James was born in 1798, Mary in 1796. Mary's burial record suggests a birth date of 1793
James and Mary had at least one son, Bernard, who was born in Ireland about 1834/5.
At Bernard's wedding on 3rd September 1855 in Liverpool, Bernard described his father as a labourer.

We suspect that the Hand family had settled in Manchester in the late 1830s on arrival from Ireland. It is likely that their son Bernard met his future wife, Margaret, here.

We believe this to be James and Mary in 1851:

1851 Census
28 Stanley Street, Salford

Stanley Street, Salford at nls.uk
Stanley Street, Salford at Old-Maps.co.uk
Map showing the location of Stanley Street, Salford
James Hand age 52, Silver Finisher, born Dublin, Ireland
Mary Hand age 54, born Dublin, Ireland
Catherine F Leonard, visitor, age 19, Dressmaker, born Dublin, Ireland


1861 Census
James has died by 1861 and Mary was living with her son, Bernard and family
1 Court, 4 House, Pickop Street

Pickop Street, Liverpool at nls.uk
Link to Pickop Street, Liverpool at Old-Maps.co.uk
Map showing the location of Pickop Street, Liverpool
Mary Hand widow, age 60, Lodging House Keeper, born Ireland
Bernard Hand son, age 26, labourer, born Ireland
Margret Hand son's wife, age 21, japanner, born Manchester, Lancs
John Hand, grandson, age 3, born Liverpool
James Hand, grandson, age 2 months, born Liverpool


Mary's Death


Mary hand was buried, age 73, at Anfield Cemetery on 10th September 1866.
Her address on the cemetery record is 1 court,  Pickop Street, Liverpool.


Bernard Hand (1835 - ) Pop-up window showing the Hand family tree

Bernard was born in Ireland. His parents were James and Mary, but as yet little is known of his past or when the family arrived in England. It would seem that the family first settled in the Manchester area, where Bernard may have met his future wife, Margaret Street.

Bernard married on 3rd September 1855
at Register Office, Liverpool

From the certificate:
Bernard Hand age 21, batchelor, Car Driver, Pickop Street, Liverpool. Father: James Hand, Labourer
Margaret Street age 20, spinster, Vauxhall Road, Liverpool. Father: George Street, Bookkeeper
Witnesses: James Davies and Maria Cunningham

Bernard's wife, Margaret Street was daughter of George Street, widower and Ellen Clarke, who were married on 28th March 1825 at Manchester Cathedral. At this time, George was a callenderer. [Street has variants Streets or Streett on some documents]
In 1841 the Street family were living in Balloon Street, Manchester.
George Streets age 50, callenderer
Ellen Streets age 45
John Streets age 15
Ellen Streets age 10
Margaret Streets age 5

1861 Census
1 Court, 4 House, Pickop Street, Liverpool

Pickop Street, Liverpool at nls.uk
Link to Pickop Street, Liverpool at Old-Maps.co.uk
Map showing the location of Pickop Street, Liverpool
Mary Hand widow, age 60, Lodging House Keeper, born Ireland
Bernard Hand son, age 26, labourer, born Ireland
Margret Hand son's wife, age 21, japanner, born Manchester, Lancs
John Hand, grandson, age 3, born Liverpool
James Hand, grandson, age 2 months, born Liverpool


1871 Census
3 House, 6 Court, Beau Street, Liverpool

Beau Street, Liverpool at nls.uk
Link to Beau Street, Liverpool at Old-Maps.co.uk
Map showing the location of Beau Street in 1871
Bernard Hand age 37, Coach Driver, born Ireland
Margret Hand age 33, Driver's wife, born Lancashire, Manchester
John Hand age 14, son, feather(leather?) cleaner, born Liverpool
James Hand age 10, son, scholar, born Liverpool


Bernard has found himself in in the workhouse at the time of the 1881 census, while Margaret and the two sons remain in Beau Street


1881 Census
Liverpool Workhouse

Bernard Hand age 49, Coachman, born Ireland

6 House, 5 Court, Beau Street, Liverpool

Beau Street, Liverpool at nls.uk
Link to Beau Street, Liverpool at Old-Maps.co.uk
Map showing the location of Beau Street in 1881
Margret Hand age 41, born Lancashire, Manchester
John Hand age 23, son, lard refiner, born Manchester!!
James Hand age 20, son, labourer in flour mill, born Liverpool



1891 Census
5 House, 6 Court, Beau St, Liverpool

Beau Street, Liverpool at nls.uk
Link to Beau Street, Liverpool at Old-Maps.co.uk
Map showing the location of Beau Street in 1891
Bernard Hand age 56, Car owner, born Ireland
Margaret Hand age 62, Japaner, born Manchester, Lancashire
James Hand, son, age 29, lard refiner, born Liverpool
Margaret Hand, granddaughter, age 7, born Liverpool


Death


Bernard was buried at Ford Cemetery on March 10th 1898, grave 2208
The record shows him as having resided at 9 Court, Beau Street.
He was aged 64.


John Hand (1857 - ) Pop-up window showing the Hand family tree

1861 Census
1 Court, 4 House, Pickop Street

Pickop Street, Liverpool at nls.uk
Link to Pickop Street, Liverpool at Old-Maps.co.uk
Map showing the location of Pickop Street, Liverpool
Mary Hand widow, age 60, Lodging House Keeper, born Ireland
Bernard Hand son, age 26, labourer, born Ireland
Margret Hand son's wife, age 21, japanner, born Manchester, Lancs
John Hand, grandson, age 3, born Liverpool
James Hand, grandson, age 2 months, born Liverpool


1871 Census
3 House, 6 Court, Beau Street, Liverpool

Beau Street, Liverpool at nls.uk
Link to Beau Street, Liverpool at Old-Maps.co.uk
Map showing the location of Beau Street in 1871
Bernard Hand age 37, Coach Driver, born Ireland
Margret Hand age 33, Driver's wife, born Lancashire, Manchester
John Hand age 14, son, feather(leather?) cleaner, born Liverpool
James Hand age 10, son, scholar, born Liverpool


John's father, Bernard, is in the workhouse in the 1881 census but John is at home with his mother and younger brother

1881 Census
6 House, 5 Court, Beau Street, Liverpool

Beau Street, Liverpool at nls.uk
Link to Beau Street, Liverpool at Old-Maps.co.uk
Map showing the location of Beau Street in 1881
Margret Hand age 41, born Lancashire, Manchester
John Hand age 23, son, lard refiner, born Manchester!!
James Hand age 20, son, labourer in flour mill, born Liverpool


John's marriage
10th September 1882 Christ Church, Kensington, Liverpool

Link to Christchurch, Kensington at nls.uk
Link to Christchurch, Kensington at Old-Maps.co.uk
Google map showing the position of former Christ Church, Kensington, Liverpool
John Hand age 25, batchelor, lard refiner, 6 Court 5 House, Beau Street. Father - Bernard Hand, coachman
Martha Cattarell age 19, spinster, 11 Ruddlesworth Street. Father - Peter Cattarell (deceased), dock labourer
Witnesses - Alfred McCoy?, Margaret Miller

1891 Census
12 House, 6 Court, Beau Street, Liverpool
The Hand family listed as Hands.

Beau Street, Liverpool at nls.uk
Link to Beau Street, Liverpool at Old-Maps.co.uk
Map showing the location of Beau Street in 1891
John Hands age 33, General Labourer, born Liverpool
Martha Hands age 28, wife, born Liverpool
Daughter Margaret was staying with her grandfather, Bernard, at 5 House in the same court
Martha Hands age 5, daughter, born Liverpool
Mary E Hands age 2, daughter, born Liverpool


1901 Census
4 House, 6 Court, Beau Street, Liverpool

Beau Street, Liverpool at nls.uk
Link to Beau Street, Liverpool at Old-Maps.co.uk
Map showing the location of Beau Street in 1901
John Hand age 43, cotton porter, born Liverpool
Martha Hand age 38, wife, born Liverpool
Margaret Hand age 17, daughter, drysalter? (overwritten 'drug'), born Liverpool
Martha Hand age 15, daughter, domestic servant, born Liverpool
Mary E Hand age 12, daughter, born Liverpool
Esther Hand age 8, daughter, born Liverpool
John Hand age 2, son, born Liverpool
James Hand age 39, brother, cotton porter, born Liverpool


1911 Census
34 Cornwall Street, Everton, Liverpool

Link to Cornwall Street, Liverpool at nls.uk
Link to Cornwall Street, Liverpool at Old-Maps.co.uk
Google map showing the location of Cornwall Street in 1911
John Hand age 52, this marriage 29 yrs, cotton porter at a cotton warehouse, born Liverpool
Martha Hand age 49, wife, this marriage 29 yrs, born Liverpool
9 children born, 7 still alive, 2 died
Margaret Hand age 27, daughter, charwoman - office cleaner, born Liverpool
Ellen Hand age 22, daughter, wrapper at chocolate manufacturer, born Liverpool. (Mary Ellen)
Ester Hand age 18, daughter, wrapper at chocolate manufacturer, born Liverpool
John Hand age 12, son, born Liverpool
Alice Hand age 8, daughter, born Liverpool
James Hand age 4, son, born Liverpool
George Hand age 5, grandson, (Margaret's son), born Liverpool


John's Death

There is a death record for a John Hand, Age 78 in Liverpool North, in the June Quarter of 1936.
Volume: 8b Page: 509 (To be investigated)

The family after John's death:
1939 register
34 Cornwall Street, Everton, Liverpool

Link to Cornwall Street, Liverpool at nls.uk
Link to Cornwall Street, Liverpool at Old-Maps.co.uk
Google map showing the location of Cornwall Street in 1911
Martha Hand, widow, birth year 1861
James Hand, birth year 1906 (margin note: 40 batt RTR HQ Crosby No 3771998 B...)


Martha's Death

There is a likely reference for Martha's death in the GRO register:
HAND, MARTHA age 78
GRO Reference: 1940 J Quarter in LIVERPOOL NORTH Volume 08B Page 737



Margaret Hand (1883 - ) Pop-up window showing the Hand family tree

Margaret's birth
19th November 1883 Christ Church, Kensington, Liverpool

Link to Christchurch, Kensington at nls.uk
Link to Christchurch, Kensington at Old-Maps.co.uk
Google map showing the position of former Christ Church, Kensington, Liverpool
Margaret Ann Hand
Father John Hand, labourer age 25
Mother, Martha Hand, formerly Catterall, of 5 House, 1 Court, Beau Street.

1891 Census
Margaret is with her grandparents at 5 House, 6 Court, Beau St, Liverpool

Beau Street, Liverpool at nls.uk
Link to Beau Street, Liverpool at Old-Maps.co.uk
Map showing the location of Beau Street in 1891
Bernard Hand age 56, Car owner, born Ireland
Margaret Hand age 62, Japaner, born Manchester, Lancashire
James Hand, son, age 29, lard refiner, born Liverpool
Margaret Hand, granddaughter, age 7, born Liverpool


1901 Census
4 House, 6 Court, Beau Street, Liverpool

Beau Street, Liverpool at nls.uk
Link to Beau Street, Liverpool at Old-Maps.co.uk
Map showing the location of Beau Street in 1901
John Hand age 43, cotton porter, born Liverpool
Martha Hand age 38, wife, born Liverpool
Margaret Hand age 17, daughter, drysalter? (overwritten 'drug'), born Liverpool
Martha Hand age 15, daughter, domestic servant, born Liverpool
Mary E Hand age 12, daughter, born Liverpool
Esther Hand age 8, daughter, born Liverpool
John Hand age 2, son, born Liverpool
James Hand age 39, brother, cotton porter, born Liverpool


Margaret's son, George, was born on 10th June 1905

Beau Street, Liverpool at nls.uk
Link to Beau Street, Liverpool at Old-Maps.co.uk
Map showing the location of Beau Street in 1905
His birth certificate suggests that some inaccuracies were given to the registrar, possibly to 'save face', since the child was born out of wedlock.
Father: John Hand, dock labourer
Mother, Margaret Hand, formerly Catterall, of 24 Beau Street.
Informant, M Hand, mother, 24 Beau Street.

1911 Census
34 Cornwall Street, Everton, Liverpool

Link to Cornwall Street, Liverpool at nls.uk
Link to Cornwall Street, Liverpool at Old-Maps.co.uk
Google map showing the location of Cornwall Street in 1911
John Hand age 52, this marriage 29 yrs, cotton porter at a cotton warehouse, born Liverpool
Martha Hand age 49, wife, this marriage 29 yrs, born Liverpool
9 children born, 7 still alive, 2 died
Margaret Hand age 27, daughter, charwoman - office cleaner, born Liverpool
Ellen Hand age 22, daughter, wrapper at chocolate manufacturer, born Liverpool. (Mary Ellen)
Ester Hand age 18, daughter, wrapper at chocolate manufacturer, born Liverpool
John Hand age 12, son, born Liverpool
Alice Hand age 8, daughter, born Liverpool
James Hand age 4, son, born Liverpool
George Hand age 5, grandson, (Margaret's son), born Liverpool


Margaret's marriage
28th September 1919 All Saints Church, Liverpool

St Annes Church, Great Nelson Street, Liverpool at nls.uk
Link to St Annes Church, Great Nelson Street, Liverpool at Old-Maps.co.uk
Map showing the position of former All Saints Church, Great Nelson Street, Liverpool

Walter Cave age 42, widower, dock Labourer, 17 Prince Edwin Street. Father - Thomas Cave (deceased), joiner
Margaret Hand age 35, spinster, 11 Prince Edwin Street. Father - John Hand, Cotton Porter
Witnesses - Harry Robinson and Esther Hand.

1939 register
29 Hector street, Bootle
Walter is presumably at sea.

Margaret Cave born 19th November 1883